中考英语语法串串烧十大状语从句,英语简单句

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相约在成长的路上

状语从句有很多,其中时间状语从句、条件状语从句是最主要的。它的时态由主从句相呼应来决定,条件状语从句表达将来的情况,但主句为一般将来时,从句为一般现在时态;时间状语从句则“主将从现,主过从过”,过包括一般过去时和过去进行时两种情况。结果状语从句也很重要,其次是原因、目的、让步、方式和比较状语从句,这些从句的时态主从句一致即可。这些从句已经在“连词”中复习到了。

英语简单句、并列句、复合句解析

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2013-04-07 18:02阅读:7,627

1.The children were leaving school on Tuesday _______ they saw an
accident。

英语简单句、并列句、复合句解析

A.when B.while

简单句、并列句和复合句

C.because D.after

考点一 简单句

2.We won‘t go to the park __ it is fine tomorrow。

  1. 简单句只包含一个主谓结构.

  2. 五种简单句:

A.if B.when

1) 主+谓. He comes at last.

C.because D.unless

2) 主+系+表. She is a teacher.

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The soup tastes nice.

3.We‘ll see Uncle Wang this Sunday if it ___。

3) 主+谓+宾. They reached the village.

A.won‘t rain B.isn’t rain

4) 主+谓+间宾+直宾.He gave me a pen.

C.doesn‘t rain

5) 主+谓+宾+宾补.I find that book very useful.

D.didn‘t rain

考点二 并列句

4。——What was the party like?

并列句:两个或两个以上的简单句,用连词连接起来。

——Wonderful.It‘s years ___ I enjoyed myself so much。

常用的连接词有:

A。 after B.when

  1. 表示顺承关系的:and, not only…but also(不仅….而且….)等。

C。 before D。 since

She ______ gave us a lot of advice, _______helped us to
overcome difficulties.

5.None of them knew it ______ the teacher told them。

Linda tried to become an excellentteacher, _____ at last she
succeeded.

A。 when B。 until

  1. 表示选择关系和否定条件的有or(还是,否则)

C。 after D。 though

Do you want to leave now ____ would yourather set off later?

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Wear your coat, ____ you’ll catch a cold.

6。——I hope you‘ll enjoy your holiday, Tom。

  1. 表示转折关系的有but, yet等。

——Thank you, grandma。 I‘ll call you ______ I arrive there。

He is young, but he works hard.虽然他年轻,但工作努力。

A.as soon as B.when

  1. 表示因果关系的有for, so 等。

C.before D.until

My leg hurts so I go to see a doctor. 我的腿疼,因此我去看医生。

7.She ______ Chinese since she came to China。

考点三 主从复合句:宾语从句

A.studied B.was studying

  1. 宾语从句的引导词

C.has studied

(1)引导 陈述句用 that(在口语和非正式文体中常常省略)

D.is studying

He tells me (that ) he is going shopping thisSunday.

8.Someone knocked at the door ______ I was answering the
telephone。

(2) 引导一般疑问句用if或whether.

A.while B.because

She asked me if whether she could join us.(whether…or not)

C.but D.as soon as

(3) 引导特殊疑问句,要用原来的特殊疑问词。

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She asked them what they were doing.

9.You should make a plan ____ you do everything important。

  1. 宾语从句的语序 :要用陈述句语序。

A.when B.before

I want to know when the train left.

C.after D.if

  1. 宾语从句的时态

10。——I don‘t know _____ he will come tomorrow。

(1)主句是一般现在时,一般将来时或祈使句,宾语从句可根据实际需要选用各种时态。

——Don‘t worry。 _______ he comes, I’ll let you know。

He tells us that he has been able to lookafter himself.

A.when;If

(2) 主句是过去时态,宾语从句应使用过去时的相应时态。

B.if;Whether

They said that they had already finished thework.

C.if;If

(3)
如果宾语从句叙述的是客观事实、真理、自然现象等,不管主句用什么时态,从句都用一般现在时。

D.whether,Whether

He said that light travels faster than sound.

  1. 练习

1)Sheasked me, “Will you go to the cinema tomorrow?”
(改为含宾语从句的复合句)

She asked me______ I ______ go to the cinema the next day.

2) Howlovely the dog is! Can you tell me _____?

A. where did you get it B.where will you get it C. where you got it

3) — Can you tell me _____ your parents at home?

— I often wash clothes and sweepthe floor.

A. how will you help B. how you help C. how will you help D. how do you
help

4) When I was young, my grandfather told me that the sun ______
(rise) inthe east.

考点四 状语从句

一、状语从句在复合句中作状语,修饰主句中的动词、形容词、副词等。

1.地点状语从句

地点状语从句通常由 where 引导。

Put allthe things _____they were.

A. whereB. when C. whose D. which

2.时间状语从句(主句用将来时,从句用一般现在时)

时间状语从句的引导词有when, before, after, until, assoon as, since,
while, as 等

She wascooking when someone knock at the door.

What willyou do after you finished your homework?

3.条件状语从句

在条件状语从句中,常用的引导词有if, unless等。

If itdosen’t rain, I” ll go fishing.

They willhave a picnic unless it rains next Sunday.

4.原因状语从句

原因状语从句常用的引导词有because, as, since(既然)等

He didn’tcome because he was ill.

Since weare students, we should study hard.

*Because 和so 不能在一个句子中同时使用。

  1. 结果状语从句

结果状语从句主要由so…that…, such…that…引导。

It’s sohot that we want to go swimming.

That’ssuch an interesting story that everybody likes it.

*So… that…与简单句之间的句型转换

1) that后的句子是否定句,常用too…to进行转换。

He is soyoung that he can’t go to school.à he is too young to go to
school.

2) that后的句子是肯定句。常用enough to 进行转换。

The shirtwas so cheap that he bought it. à the shirt was cheap enough
forhim to buy.

6.目的状语从句

目的状语从句常用的引导词有so that, in order that 等àin order to 简单句

Pleasesay it in a loud voice so that everyone can hear it.

He worksharder in order that he can go to a good college.

  1. 让步状语从句

引导词有though, although, even if, even though(尽管)等。

He oftenhelps others though although he is not rich.

They willstand by you even if you don’t succeed.

*Though, although与but 不能同时出现在一个句子中

8.比较状语从句

比较状语从句由than, as…as…, not asso… as等引导。(比较级)

He ismore outgoing than I.

He ran asfast as Mike.

二、练习

  1. It’squite common in Britain to say “thankyou”tothe drivers _____
    people getoff the bus.

a.after b. since c. until d. when

  1. Theart club is for members only. You can’t go in ____you are a
    member.

a.unless b. because c. if d. though

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